Think Before You Begin
If you have not been given a topic, select one that you know a lot about. Keep in mind that you need to provide all of the directions necessary so be sure to do a brainstorm or outline to help you do so.
Writing for Your Audience
Does your audience have any previous knowledge? Can you assume your audience already has certain skills? How much direction do you need to provide?
Which prewriting techniques may help you write your essay? Do you want to use a prewriting technique to write your essay, or do you want to start with a rough draft? Outlines and brainstorms are particularly helpful when you want to be sure that you are not missing any steps or directions.