Using Complete Sentences

Transcript

Slide 1 — Using Complete Sentences

Slide 2 — Sentences and Fragments

A complete sentence must have at least one independent clause. (It may have 2 or more clauses.) Remember that a clause must have both a subject and a verb.

Sentence fragments are pieces of sentences. They are not complete sentences, so they cannot stand alone.

Examples:

saw the whole movie last night (no subject)

cars that cost too much (no main verb)

the lady who helped me (no main verb)

Slide 3

Each of these fragments can be changed into a complete sentence by adding the necessary missing structure.

Examples:

Fragment: saw the whole movie last night
Sentence: Tom saw the whole movie last night. (subject added)

Fragment: cars that cost too much
Sentence: We don’t like cars that cost too much. (subject and main verb added)

Fragment: the lady who helped me
Sentence: The lady who helped me works in the bank. (main verb and phrase added)

Slide 4 — Independent Clauses

Clauses may be independent or dependent.

Independent clauses can stand alone.

Examples of independent clauses:

Rosa was tired.

Rohit crashed his car into a tree.

We will graduate next year.

Every sentence must have an independent clause.

Slide 5 — Dependent Clauses

Dependent clauses cannot stand alone. They have subjects and verbs, but they do not express a complete thought. They must be used with an independent clause to form a sentence.

Note that these are not complete sentences; they are fragments.

Slide 6

Each of these fragments can be changed into a complete sentence by adding an independent clause.

Example:

Fragment: Because Rosa was tired…
Sentence: Because Rosa was tired, she decided to go home.

Fragment: After Rohit crashed his car into a tree . . .
Sentence: After Rohit crashed his car into a tree, the police came.

Fragment: If we graduate next year . . .
Sentence: If we graduate next year, we will start looking for jobs.

Slide 7 — Activity Introduction

On the next 10 slides, decide if each group of words is a sentence fragment or a complete sentence.

NOTE: Don’t worry about capital letters.

Example:
going home after a long day

Sentence fragment
Complete sentence

The correct answer is Sentence fragment.

Slides 8-17 — Multiple Choice Activity

Slide 18 — Summary Slide

After completing this activity, you may download or print a completion report that summarizes your results. To save a PDF copy of the report, click below and follow instructions for your browser.

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