Television, Film, & Video | 6th Edition

Television film and video graphicClick on the sections below to see the elements and examples of each type of reference for television, film, and videos.

Television Broadcast
NOTE: Identify the primary contributors at the beginning of the citation and, in parentheses, identify their function, e.g. Director, Executive producer, Writer, etc.

Elements: Last name, First and middle initials, & Last names and initials of other primary contributors, if any. (Function). (Year, Month and Day, if available). Title italicized [Television Broadcast]. Place of Recording: Television Network.

Aspell, P. (Executive producer). (1995, March 15). Nova [Television Broadcast]. Boston, MA: WGBH
Film
NOTE: Identify the primary contributors at the beginning of the citation and, in parentheses, identify their function, e.g. Director, Executive producer, Writer, etc.

Elements: Last name, First and middle initials, & Last names and initials of other primary contributors, if any. (Function). (Year, Month and Day, if available). Title of the film italicized [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio or Distributor.

Coen, J. & Coen, E. (Directors). (1996). Fargo. [Motion picture]. United States: Gramercy Pictures.

Video Clip
Elements: Last name, First and middle initials, & Last names and initials of other primary contributors, if any. (Function). (Year released). Title of the video italicized [Video file]. Retrieved from URL to the video or to the distributor’s website.

Ezekiel, S. (Lecturer). (2012, March 21). MIT understanding laser and fiberoptics: Fiberoptics fundamentals [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0DCrIAxEv_Y

NOTE: The new 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual has just released. OWL staff are working on updating our content. As always, please follow the guidelines in your course.

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