Types of Sentences

Transcript Slides 1-14

Slide 1 — Types of Sentences

Now let’s look at the 3 types of sentences in English: simple sentence, compound sentence, and complex sentence.

Slide 2 — Simple Sentence

A simple sentence has 1 independent clause (IC).

Example:

Dress is casual in most American restaurants.

Slide 3 — Compound Sentence

A compound sentence has 2 or more independent clauses (ICs). The clauses can be connected in 3 ways:

  1. IC + conjunction+ IC
  2. IC + conjunctive adverb + IC
  3. IC + semicolon + IC

Slide 4

1. Compound sentence with conjunction: IC + conjunction + IC

Conjunctions:
and
but
for
nor
or
so
yet

Slide 5

Compound sentence: IC + conjunction + IC

Examples:

The restaurant serves lunch, and there is music on weekends.

The food is delicious, but it isn’t expensive.

The food is healthy, for they use fresh ingredients.

They don’t serve wine, nor do they serve beer.

You can eat in the restaurant, or you can take food home.

They don’t accept credit cards, so be sure to take cash.

The restaurant is small, yet it is well known.

Slide 6

2. Compound sentence with conjunctive adverb: IC + conjunctive adverb + IC

Examples:
as a result
consequently
finally
for example
furthermore
hence
however
likewise
meanwhile
moreover
nevertheless
otherwise
therefore
thus

NOTE: Conjunctive adverbs are also called “sentence connectors.”

Slide 7

Compound sentence: IC + conjunctive adverb + IC

Examples of IC + conjunctive adverb + IC:

The restaurant serves lunch; moreover, there is music on weekends.

The food is delicious; however, it isn’t expensive.

They use fresh ingredients; as a result, the food is healthy.

You can eat in the restaurant; otherwise, you will miss the great service.

They don’t accept credit cards; therefore, be sure to take cash.

The restaurant is small; nevertheless, it is well known.

Slide 8

3. Compound sentence with semicolon: IC + semicolon + IC

Independent clauses can also be separated by just a semicolon. Semicolons are often used to separate two, related independent clauses.

Examples:

We hoped for good weather; it turned out to be terrible.

Some people learn math easily; others have trouble.

Paul loves seafood; Mary loves pasta.

They are very busy; they do not have time to help you.

Slide 9

On the next few slides, you will see some sentences.

Decide if each sentence is a simple sentence or a compound sentence.

Slides 10-14 — Multiple Choice Questions

Transcript Slides 15-30

Slide 15 — Complex Sentence

A complex sentence has at least 1 independent clause (IC) and 1 dependent clause (DC).

The IC may come first in the sentence, or the DC may come first.

IC + DC

or

DC, + IC

Slide 16

NOTE: In the transcript, the independent clauses below are in bold.

Examples of complex sentences:

We watched the game while we finished our hot dogs.

You can believe whatever you like.

The server brought us coffee as soon as we sat down.

I prefer the play that we saw last week.

Even though the restaurant is near the river, it doesn’t serve fish.

Phil ordered a second drink because he was thirsty.

In each case, the independent clause (IC) is written in bold green. (Within the interaction)

The dependent clause (DC) is written in blue. (Within the interaction)

Slide 17 — Activity Introduction

On the next few slides, you will see some sentences. Decide if each sentence is a compound sentence or a complex sentence.

Slides 18-22 — Multiple Choice Questions

Slide 23 — Summary

Simple sentence: IC

Compound sentence: 2 or more ICs

Complex sentence: 1 IC and 1 DC

Examples:

Simple sentence: The waiters are very polite.

Compound sentence: The service is slow, so we had to wait.

Complex sentence: If the food is burned, you can send it back.

Slide 24 — Activity Introduction

On the next few slides, you will see some sentences.

Decide if each sentence is a simple sentence, a compound sentence, or a complex sentence.

Match the correct sentence type with each sentence.

Slides 25-29 — Questions

Slide 30 — Summary Slide

After completing this activity, you may download or print a completion report that summarizes your results. To save a PDF copy of the report, click below and follow instructions for your browser.

Grumble... Applaud... Please give us your feedback!