Chicago Formatting Guidelines
The following guidelines are based on The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed.
The title page does not receive a number, but it does count toward the overall number of manuscript pages. Therefore, the first page of the text is numbered 2.
- Label each table with an arabic numeral and a concise title that clearly identifies the subject. The label and title should appear on separate lines above the table, justified left.
- Label each illustration with an arabic numeral and a concise title that clearly identifies the subject. The label and title can appear on the same line below the illustration, justified left. The labeled “Figure” may be abbreviated to “Fig.”
Below the table, reference its source in this manner:
Source: Bruce Frazer, Up in Arms over Arms (Newport, OR: United Peace Press, 1991), 52.
In the text of your paper, help your readers make the connection between the graphics and your text. Arrange visuals as close as possible to the sentences that relate to them and point out the most important qualities of each visual.
Indenting and numbering
The first line of each note is indented half an inch (or five spaces) from the left margin; do not indent subsequent lines in the note. The number that corresponds to the number in the text is placed at the start of the note, followed by a period.
It is standard practice to use single-spacing within each note, and double-spacing between notes, but check to see if your instructor prefers double-spacing throughout.
- Place the bibliography after the endnotes page.
- Center the heading, “Bibliography,” about one inch from the top of the page, and continue numbering the pages consecutively from where you left off.
- Arrange works cited/consulted alphabetically by the last names of authors/editors.
- Alphabetize anonymous works by the first word of the title (ignoring articles such as A, An, and The).
- For two or more works by the same author, use six hyphens (‐‐‐‐‐‐) instead of the author’s name in all entries after the first and alphabetize them by title.
- Begin entries at the left margin.
- Indent additional lines a half inch or five spaces, and single-space each entry.
- Double-space between entries (unless your instructor asks for double-spacing throughout).