APA In-Text Citations

APA Citations in the Body of Your Paper

APA citations follow specific conventions that distinguish them from other styles.

In most cases, APA citations in your text will follow the guidelines illustrated on the following pages.

This video will show you what in-text citations should look like and explain why you must use them.

Video Transcript
This short video will focus on the basic set up for in-text citations in APA format.

It is first helpful to get an idea about why in-text citations are important and when they should be used.

In APA, you should use citations in parentheses, within the text, to let your audience know when you have borrowed information and where that information has come from.

Most students know to cite direct quotes, but it is important to remember you must also include in-text citations for summarized and paraphrased information.

You are not just citing words; you are citing ideas.

For more information about what kinds of information must be cited within your text, be sure to review the Avoiding Plagiarism tutorial here in the OWL.

The basic in-text citation in APA format includes the author’s last name, the year, and the page number.

Here, you will see the basic version of an in-text citation, sometimes referred to as a parenthetical reference. In parentheses after the quote, you should provide the author’s last name, a comma, the year, a comma, a p and a period, followed by the page number.

There are variations on the standard in-text citation, however, as you will often use the author or authors’ last names as you set up a quote or paraphrased material.

Here, you will notice the student has used the authors’ names to set up this quoted material. You must place the year after the mention of those names. Then, you will need an additional citation for the page number after the quote.

Let’s also take a look at a citation from an online source that did not include a page number. In this case, APA requires that you list the paragraph number. You will notice the “para.” In the citation. This lets your readers know that there were no page numbers, but this is the paragraph number for that information.

Finally, it is important to think about punctuation for your in-text documentation as well. In APA, you should place commas between each item in your in-text citations.

For short quotes or paraphrases, you should place your period after the in-text citation.

For longer quotes or block quotes, you should place your period before the citation, as seen here.

In closing, the important thing to remember is to cite any ideas you borrow and to include only the required information in your in-text citation. Full publication information will be saved for your References list, which is explored in the next video.

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