When you use the exact words of someone else in your paper, this is known as a verbatim quote. The words must be put inside quotation marks, and the source must be cited.
“Experience is the name everyone gives to their mistakes” (Wilde, 1892).
Method of Citation
The citation may be made as an in-text citation, a footnote, or an endnote.
According to Levy (1997), the tutor-tool framework is useful.
Example of a footnote or endnote (MLA or Chicago):
According to Levy, the tutor-tool framework is useful. 1
Bottom of page or chapter (Chicago):
1Michael Levy, Computer-Assisted Language Learning: Context and Conceptualization (New York: Oxford), 178.
Style of Citation
The basic style guides are