A citation is a reference to a particular piece of information that you use in your paper. Every citation must include certain information, depending on the source of the information.

NOTE: You must always include all the sources that you have cited in the list of references at the end of your paper.

You will need to know which style your instructor wants you to use.

APA Publication Manual coverMLA Handbook coverChicago Manual of Style 16th edition

No matter which style you use, you should use it consistently. Don’t mix the styles in one paper!

Examples for many types of citations are given in the APAMLA, and Chicago Style sections within the Citation & Documentation area of the Excelsior OWL.

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

The Modern Language Association of America. (2016). MLA handbook (8th ed.). The Modern Language Association of America.

University of Chicago Press. (2010). The Chicago manual of style (16th ed.). University of Chicago Press.

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