Toulmin Infographic

Toulmin Infographic

Information Contained Within the Infographic
What is the Toulmin method?

The Toulmin method, developed by philosopher Stephen Toulmin, is essentially a structure for analyzing argument but can also be used to construct arguments.

This type of argument works well when there are no clear truths or absolute solutions to a problem. Toulmin arguments take into account the complex nature of most situations.

There are six elements for analyzing, and, in this case, presenting arguments that are important to the Toulmin method.

Claim — The claim is a statement of opinion that the author is asking her or his audience to accept as true.

Grounds — The grounds are the facts or data or reasoning upon which the claim is based. Essentially, the grounds are the facts making the case for the claim.

Warrant — The warrant is what links the grounds to the claim. This is what makes the audience understand how the grounds are connected to supporting the claim.

Backing — The backing gives additional support for the claim by addressing different questions related to your claim.

Qualifier — The qualifier is essentially the limits to the claim or an understanding that the claim is not true in all situations.

Rebuttal — The rebuttal is when the author addresses the opposing views.

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