Personal Communication | 17th Edition

the back on an envelopeThe first entry is a sample footnote/endnote as it would appear the first time that a work is cited. Remember, while our examples begin with “1.”, notes should be numbered based on the order they occur in the paper.

The second entry is a shortened version for subsequent notes from the same source.

NOTE: Personal communications do not get a bibliographic entry.
1. Lyndsay Hogland, e-mail message to author, November 17, 2012.
2. Hogland, e-mail.

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