Argumentative Presentations

All good presentations have a clear purpose, and an argumentative presentation will have a clear argumentative purpose.

Many college students are required to build presentations to present information to an audience, and your writing class is likely no different. Chances are, you’ll use PowerPoint, Prezi, or some other presentation software to build a presentation that would present your argument to a broader audience.

Before you begin to build your presentation, be sure to review the tips and help on creating effective PowerPoints and Prezis in the Online Writing & Presentations area of the Excelsior OWL. Then, remember the lessons you have learned about building a good argument and apply those to your presentation.

Here are some things to keep in mind:

  • Remember to present your thesis statement or main idea clearly, and remember it should present your argument.
  • Provide the highlights of your evidence from your essay (if you are building from an essay) or simply focus on the key points of evidence from your research.
  • Remember to address the opposition. How you do this will depend upon your goals and the type of argument you are making, but you should always do it.
  • Use images relevant to your points as evidence. Images are powerful and are important pieces of an effective presentation.
  • And always cite your sources!

The sample video below was created using Prezi by a student in a beginning writing class. She took an essay she had written on issues in the clothing industry (Cheap Thrills: The Price of Fast Fashion) and developed a Prezi to share with a broader audience. Click below to see how one student developed an argumentative presentation for her writing class.

Video Transcript

Cheap Thrills: The Price of Fast Fashion

Bargains are the norm!

Parenting advice from Newsweek: “Steer your kids towards affordable stores like Old Navy and H&M, but don’t force them to buy knowckoffs. These days, even preschoolers can spot a pair of fake Ugg boots…and may taunt classmates about them” (Springen, 2008, para. 1).

American families are concerned about the cost of clothing and rely on discount stores and inexpensive brands to clothe their families.

So what’s the problem?

Cheap, disposable clothing (“fast fashion”) is perpetuating a corrupt labor system, unsustainable production practices, and a culture of mindless consumerism!

Is this a problem western consumers have any control over? Can we help to fix the problem?

While American consumers may feel like there is nothing they can do to make a difference, we can take action! YES!

We can help fix the problem.

Consumers feel a moral twinge in connection to fashion but are also accustomed to unrestrained to trendy, dirt cheap, essentially disposable clothes (Beard, 2008, p. 450).

The cheap thrill tends to win because a) everyone is doing it, b) it’s more fun, and c) it appears to be easier on the consumer’s budget.

Owning fewer but better (i.e. longer-lasting and ethically made) items might be one step consumers can take away from irresponsible fashion.

Behind the Scenes: Fast-Fashion Edition

“1/3 of a pound of pesticides…are used to make a simple cotton t-shirt”

Pesticides contain known carcinogens and also have nasty environmental consequences.

Companies use terms like “ethical” and “fair trade” to mislead their consumers (Beard, 2008, p. 450).

These same customers are all to willing to accept the deception, opting for immediate gratification and ease over the complicating reality of long-term impact.

H&M: An Example

Fast-fashion brands, like H&M, design clothing meant to be worn for one season and then thrown away or donated.

These practices put a strain on all stages of the production chain: farming, manufacturing, transportation, consumption, and disposal (Beard, 2008, p. 448).

These brands claim to care about the ethics behind their clothes, but their efforts at change are typically limited to one stage of the supply chain and contain the kind of false advertising Beard (2008) references.

H&M: An Example

For example, H&M produced a collection in the spring of 2010 that was merchandised as “eco,” but the collection contained GMO cotton (Dishman, 2013, para. 3).

The collection did not address any other aspects of the supply chain, such as fair labor.

Collections like this one are meant to be quick fixes to reassure consumers, but ultimately, they demonstrate that truly ethical clothing can’t be made at rock-bottom prices.

Conclusion

If consumers support companies that produce clothing ethically, prices will eventually decrease as companies streamline practices (Gershon, 2005, p. 57).

A culture that is too invested in possessing large quantities of cheap, disposable garments contributes to a system that exploits natural resources and human rights.

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