APA Side By Side

Sometimes, the easiest way to think about your in-text citations and references (and how they must match) is to see them side by side. The following examples provide reference information and corresponding in-text citation information for common source types and situations you are likely to encounter while working with your sources.

And, remember, in your paper, your in-text citations and your references must match or correspond. This means that you must have an in-text citation for any source that appears on your References list, AND you must follow APA formatting guidelines so that the first part of each of your References entry matches up with your in-text citation.

Click on the following items below to learn more.

Book
Online Book
Online or Database Journal Article: with DOI
Online or Database Journal Article: without DOI
Web Page
Video
Source with Multiple Authors (2-7)

NOTE: For blocked quotes, the period will be placed before the in-text citation.

Grumble... Applaud... Please give us your feedback!