Using Complete Sentences

Video Transcript
Slide 1

Tutor: First, make sure that all your sentences are complete sentences and not fragments. Of course, there should be a period at the end of each sentence. If you need help with this, here is an exercise on sentences and fragments.

Slide 2 – Sentences and Fragments

Slide 3

A complete sentence must have at least one independent clause. (It may have 2 or more clauses.) Remember that a clause must have both a subject and a verb.

Sentence fragments are pieces of sentences. They are not complete sentences, so they cannot stand alone.

Examples:

saw the whole movie last night (no subject)

cars that cost too much (no main verb)

the lady who helped me (no main verb)

Slide 4

Each of these fragments can be changed into a complete sentence by adding the necessary missing structure.

Examples:

Fragment: saw the whole movie last night
Sentence: Tom saw the whole movie last night. (subject added)

Fragment: cars that cost too much
Sentence: We don’t like cars that cost too much. (subject added)

Fragment: the lady who helped me
Sentence: The lady who helped me works in the bank. (main verb added)

Slide 5

Clauses may be independent or dependent. Independent clauses can stand alone.

Examples of independent clauses:

Sally went home.

Bill crashed his car into a tree.

We will graduate next year.

Every sentence must have an independent clause.

Slide 6

Dependent clauses cannot stand alone. They have subjects and verbs, but they must be used with an independent clause in a sentence.

Examples of dependent clauses:

Although Sally went home . . .

Because Bill crashed his car into a tree . . .

If we graduate next year . . .

Note that these are not complete sentences; they are fragments.

Slide 7

Each of these fragments can be changed into a complete sentence by adding an independent clause.

Examples:

Fragments: Although Sally went home . . .
Sentence: Although Sally went home, she wasn’t happy about it.

Fragment:
Because Bill crashed his car into a tree . . .
Sentence: Because Bill crashed his car into a tree, the police came.

Fragment: If we graduate next year . . .
Sentence: If we graduate next year, we will start looking for jobs.

Slide 8

On the next 10 slides, decide if each group of words is a sentence fragment or a complete sentence.

NOTE: Don’t worry about capital letters.

Example:
going home after a long day

Sentence fragment
Complete sentence

The correct answer is sentence fragment.

Slides 9-18 – Multiple Choice Activity

Slide 19 – Summary Slide

After completing this activity, you may download or print a completion report that summarizes your results. To save a PDF copy of the report, click below and follow instructions for your browser.

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